JDBC CallableStatement对象实例

下面是利用CallableStatement连同下列getEmpName()的MySQL存储过程的例子:

请确定已经在EMP数据库中创建该存储过程。可以使用MySQL查询浏览器来完成它。

DELIMITER $$DROP PROCEDURE IF EXISTS `EMP`.`getEmpName` $$CREATE PROCEDURE `EMP`.`getEmpName` (IN EMP_ID INT, OUT EMP_FIRST VARCHAR(255))BEGIN SELECT first INTO EMP_FIRST FROM Employees WHERE ID = EMP_ID;END $$DELIMITER ;

基于对环境和数据库安装在前面的章节中进行,这个范例程式码已被写入。

复制下面的例子中JDBCExample.java,编译并运行,如下所示:

//STEP 1. Import required packagesimport java.sql.*;public class JDBCExample { // JDBC driver name and database URL static final String JDBC_DRIVER = "com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"; static final String DB_URL = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/EMP"; // Database credentials static final String USER = "username"; static final String PASS = "password"; public static void main(String[] args) { Connection conn = null; CallableStatement stmt = null; try{ //STEP 2: Register JDBC driver Class.forName("com.mysql.jdbc.Driver"); //STEP 3: Open a connection System.out.println("Connecting to database..."); conn = DriverManager.getConnection(DB_URL,USER,PASS); //STEP 4: Execute a query System.out.println("Creating statement..."); String sql = "{call getEmpName (?, ?)}"; stmt = conn.prepareCall(sql); //Bind IN parameter first, then bind OUT parameter int empID = 102; stmt.setInt(1, empID); // This would set ID as 102 // Because second parameter is OUT so register it stmt.registerOutParameter(2, java.sql.Types.VARCHAR); //Use execute method to run stored procedure. System.out.println("Executing stored procedure..." ); stmt.execute(); //Retrieve employee name with getXXX method String empName = stmt.getString(2); System.out.println("Emp Name with ID:" + empID + " is " + empName); stmt.close(); conn.close(); }catch(SQLException se){ //Handle errors for JDBC se.printStackTrace(); }catch(Exception e){ //Handle errors for Class.forName e.printStackTrace(); }finally{ //finally block used to close resources try{ if(stmt!=null) stmt.close(); }catch(SQLException se2){ }// nothing we can do try{ if(conn!=null) conn.close(); }catch(SQLException se){ se.printStackTrace(); }//end finally try }//end try System.out.println("Goodbye!");}//end main}//end JDBCExample

现在编译上面的例子如下: